This article was written by our summer intern, Klára Polišenská.
Prague’s public transport system is often described as one of the best around the world. It was even rated as the 6th fastest in research made by the Polytechnic College of Turin. Find all important information about means of transport, how to get the right ticket and useful links in this article.
Means of transportation
First, let’s have a look at the means of transport that are part of the public transport system. There are six of them in total.
The backbone of public transport in Prague is the Metro, which daily carries over one million passengers who use it to travel to work and school or to reach their leisure time activities. Prague metro network consists of three lines A, B, C, where trains run every 2-4 minutes at peak times and every 5-10 minutes at other times.
- You can find a map of all the lines here.
The second part of the system is the tram network, which is one of the largest in Europe. Trams offer comfortable and reliable surface transportation in Prague and are also the backbone of night operations.
- You can find a map of all tram lines here.
Buses in Prague Integrated Transport complement the metro and tram network. There are two types of buses in Prague: Urban buses (lines 100-299), which operate within the city of Prague. Intervals are typically between 6 and 15 minutes at peak times, 10 to 30 minutes at other times. Passengers on these lines can board the bus using any of its doors. Suburban buses (lines 301-850) connect surrounding municipalities in the Central Bohemian region and Prague. Several tariff zones are surrounding Prague. You can see more information about them here. Please note that it is allowed to board the bus only by the front door on the suburban lines.
Trains offer fast, comfortable and safe travelling in the whole region. You can use PID train lines to travel either within the city or to some nearby municipalities. Train lines that are included in the Prague Integrated Transport (PID) system are labelled by the letter S (or R) and a number, e.g. S1 or S88.
The PID system also consists of two special means of transport. The first one is the Petřín funicular, which is a popular tourist attraction. The lowest station Újezd can be reached by tram lines 9, 12, 15, 20, 22 or 23 and it is operated for the whole year. The second special way to travel in Prague is the ferry. You can shorten your path across the Vltava river with it and all of the lines are part of the Prague Integrated Transport as well. There are 6 lines in total, two of them are operated for the whole year and four of them during the season (April to October). Find out more here.
Tickets & where to get them
There are two basic categories of tickets – short-term and long-term. All of the tickets are limited by time and vary from 30 minutes tickets to a year-long coupon.
There are 4 types of short-term tickets depending on how long they are valid: 30 minutes (for 30 CZK), 90 minutes (for 40 CZK), 24 hours (for 120 CZK), 72 hours (for 330 CZK).
You can buy the tickets in various places:
- In information centres and selling points at most of the metro stations
- In yellow ticket vending machines at metro stations and some surface transit stops
- In newspaper shops in the whole area of Prague
- Inside every tram (only by contactless credit/debit card)
Please note that you need to validate your tickets using the yellow validators that are placed inside trams, buses and right before escalators at metro stations.
If you intend to live in Prague for more than a year, you can travel for 10 CZK per day by public transport. Here is how:
The Prague Integrated Transport offers three types of season tickets: monthly, quarterly and yearly. Each of them can be bought for the full price (see the table below) or with a discount for juniors (15-18 years of age), full-time students of Czech schools (18-26 years of age) and seniors (60-65 years of age).
|Monthly||550 CZK||130 CZK|
|Quarterly||1480 CZK||360 CZK|
|Yearly||3650 CZK||1280 CZK|
The easiest way to get your seasonal ticket is by using the Lítačka App. After setting up an account (using only your full name, email address and a photo of yourself) you can find the ticket that suits you best, pay it with a credit/debit card or Apple Pay and that’s it. In the case of transport control, you just show the QR code in the Tickets section of the app. The app can also be used to buy short-term tickets, search for the best connections, or find the closest stop, and it’s completely in English.
All of the described long-term tickets are non-transferable. It’s also possible to buy transferable season tickets. They are a bit easier to get but more expensive than non-transferable ones. Find out more about this option here.
You should have all the important information from the previous paragraph, but here are some additional tips:
If you want to experience Prague from a different perspective try the historical tram line no. 41. This line operates on weekends and holidays from 11 a.m. to 6 p.m. over the route Královka – Výstaviště Holešovice (boarding stop: Planetárium Praha) and you can, for example, take this tram to the Museum of Public Transport in Střešovice (stop: Vozovna Střešovice). The fare is 100 CZK per day for an adult and 60 CZK for children and seniors. The day fare allows you to ride tram line no. 41 as often as you like during a single day.
Prague is also friendly to cycling and travelling by bike is a wonderful way to explore the city. If you want to rent a bike, you can use the pink Rekola bikes. It costs only 24 CZK for every 30 minutes and the registration in their app is quick and easy.